Lawrence Watt-Evans adopted the name for a villainous character in a series of novels: The Lure of the Basilisk, The Seven Altars of Dusarra, The Sword of Bheleu, and The Book of Silence, collectively known as The Lords of Dus.
Brian Keene's short story "'The King', in: 'Yellow'", recounts the story of a modern-day couple who attend a performance of the play performed by "actors" who strongly resemble deceased singers and musicians such as Janis Joplin, Jimi Hendrix—and Elvis Presley as "The King".
Cleveland Moffett wrote two supernatural stories collected in the book The Mysterious Card (1912) that were influenced by the stories in The King in Yellow, although they do not refer to any of the names in Chambers' work.
The King in Yellow and Carcosa feature regularly throughout HBO's True Detective series.
The video game "Dark Souls" contains an enemy called Xanthous King Jeremiah, or "Yellow King Jeremiah", in reference to The King in Yellow. Both "Demon's Souls" and "Bloodborne", by the same developer Fromsoft, carry slightly less direct references in bosses robed in strikingly yellow rags.